The earliest inhabitants of Anguilla were the Amerindians from South America, who are often referred to as Arawaks. The island was first named Malliouhana by the religious and peace-loving Amerindians who settled into fishing, hunting and farming. Amerindian artefacts found on Anguilla date back to around 1300 BC. Colonized by English settlers from Saint Kitts in 1650, Anguilla was administered by Great Britain until the early 19th century, when the island – against the wishes of the inhabitants – was incorporated into a single British dependency along with Saint Kitts and Nevis. Several attempts at separation failed. In 1971, two years after a revolt, Anguilla was finally allowed to secede; this arrangement was formally recognized in 1980, with Anguilla becoming a separate British dependency.
Geography Note: Anguilla (pronounced: An-GWILLA) is the most northerly of the Leeward Islands in the Lesser Antilles to the east of Puerto Rico
Population distribution: Most of the population is concentrated in The Valley which is the capital “city” in the centre of the island; settlement is fairly uniform in the southwest, but rather sparce in the northeast
Of Note: Anguilla has very few natural resources, is unsuited for agriculture, and the economy depends heavily on luxury tourism, offshore banking, lobster fishing, and remittances from emigrants. Increased activity in the tourism industry has spurred the growth of the construction sector contributing to economic growth. Anguillan officials have put substantial effort into developing the offshore financial sector, which is small but growing. In the medium term, prospects for the economy will depend largely on the recovery of the tourism sector and, therefore, on revived income growth in the industrialized nations as well as on favorable weather conditions.
Currency: East Caribbean Dollar (XCD)
Culture Name: Anguillan
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