Croatia is located in southeast Europe, and is a geographically diverse. The crescent-shaped country features low mountains and highlands near the Adriatic coastline, flat plains that hug the Hungarian border, and a multitude of islands. In mountainous regions, winters are cold and snowy and the summers are mild. The country’s coastal areas have a Mediterranean climate with hot, sunny summers and mild winters. Over 1,000 islands are found off this coastline. Many are major tourist areas including the Dalmatian coast where you will find the cities of Dubrovnik and Split. The capital of Croatia is Zagreb, located in the north.

The first Croats settled in the area that is now called Croatia around A.D. 500. They ruled themselves for many years, but decided to become part of the Hungarian Empire in 1091and in the 15th C, they joined the Austrian Habsburg Empire. In 1868 Croatia again went under the rule of Hungary. This lasted until World War II when it became part of Yugoslavia and was taken over by the Communist Party. In the early 1990s, communism collapsed throughout Eastern Europe. Croatia declared its independence from Yugoslavia and civil war erupted between the Croatians and the Serbians. In December 1995, the Dayton Agreement was signed, bringing peace to the area. 

Croats are the largest ethnic group in Croatia. The rest are comprised of small groups of Serbs, Bosnian Muslims, Hungarians, Italians, and Slovenes, as well as a few thousand Albanians, Austrians, Bulgarians, Czechs, Germans, and other nationalities.

Of Note: In recent years many studios and filmmakers have begun to recognise Croatia and its beautiful cities and towns as ideal filming locations. Some popular films and shows include: Game of Thrones, Star Wars: The Last Jedi; Mamma Mia 2; Doctor Who and Sophie’s Choice.

Currency: Croatian Kuna

Language: Croatian

Culture Name: Croatian

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