Dominica, (officially called the Commonwealth of Dominica and not to be confused with the Dominican Republic) is part of the Lesser Antilles in the Windward Islands of the Eastern Caribbean Sea. It lies between the French islands of Guadeloupe to the north and Martinique to the south. Dominica first emerged from the sea during the Oligocene era approximately 26 million years ago, making it one of the last Caribbean islands to be formed by volcanic activity.
Prior to European colonization, the island was a stronghold of the Kalinago (formerly Carib) people who had migrated there from South America, driving out the earlier Arawak. The Kalinago Territory, is a 3,700-acre (15 km2) district on the island which is one of the last remaining protected Kalinago Reserves in the world. The country has been a member of the Commonwealth since independence in 1978.
Of Note: The Sisserou parrot (Amazona imperialis), “The Pride of Dominica”, is generally recognized as the National Bird of Dominica. The parrot figures prominently on the Coat of Arms, the National Flag, the Public Seal, The Mace of the House of Assembly and Dominica’s Honours for Meritorious Service to the Country.
Currency: Eastern Caribbean Dollar
Language: English (official), French Patois, Dominican Creole
Culture Name: Dominican
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